Francisco (Cruiser # 5, C-5,
later CM-2), 1890-1939. Later
USS San Francisco, a
4088-ton protected cruiser, was
built at San Francisco, California,
and commissioned in November 1890.
She served in the Pacific until
1893, then steamed to the Atlantic.
Operations followed in the North and
South Atlantic, and in European
waters. During the Spanish-American
War, in 1898, San Francisco
was stationed off Cuba.
- The first San Francisco
(C-5) was a
Protected cruisers were a
type of naval cruiser of the
late 19th century. They were so
known because they had only a
minimal amount of armor compared
to existing "armored" cruisers.
In around 1910, when armor plate
began to increase in quality and
engines became lighter, they
were superseded by light and
- Most of their armor was used
on the special deck inside the
vessel, protecting boilers and
steam machines, trapezoid-like
in cross-section. Also guns and
conning tower could be armored.
copyright © 2007 USS San Francisco Memorial Foundation